A rich source of phytochemical compound, glycine betaine. Betaine lowers homocysteine levels in the blood. Homocysteine is a highly toxic metabolite, promotes platelet clotting & atherosclerotic-plaque formation, which can be harmful to blood vessels. High levels of homocysteine in the blood result in the development of coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke and peripheral vascular diseases.
Raw beetroot is an excellent source of folates. However, extensive cooking may significantly deplete its level in food. Folates are necessary for DNA synthesis within the cells.
Beetroot leaves are an excellent sources of vitamin C. 100 g of beet greens provide 30 mg or 50% of RDA. Vitamin C is one of the powerful natural antioxidants, which helps the human body scavenge deleterious free radicals, one of the reasons for cancer development.